/Methanol oxygen fuel cell pdf

Methanol oxygen fuel cell pdf

This article methanol oxygen fuel cell pdf about methanol used as a fuel. For other alcohols used as fuels, see alcohol fuel.

This article has been nominated to be checked for its neutrality. Discussion of this nomination can be found on the talk page. It is used in racing cars in many countries. In China, methanol is made for fuel from coal.

Biomethanol” may be produced by gasification of organic materials to synthesis gas followed by conventional methanol synthesis. Recently, methanol fuel has been produced using renewable energy and carbon dioxide as a feedstock. Carbon Recycling International, an Icelandic-American company, completed the first commercial scale renewable methanol plant in 2011. Both methanol and ethanol burn at lower temperatures than gasoline, and both are less volatile, making engine starting in cold weather more difficult. Methanol, like ethanol, contains soluble and insoluble contaminants. These soluble contaminants, halide ions such as chloride ions, have a large effect on the corrosivity of alcohol fuels. Beginning in 1965, pure methanol was used widespread in USAC Indy car competition, which at the time included the Indianapolis 500.

A seven-car crash on the second lap of the 1964 Indianapolis 500 resulted in USAC’s decision to encourage, and later mandate, the use of methanol. It is also used by many-short track organizations, especially midget, sprint cars and speedway bikes. Pure methanol was used by the IRL from 1996-2006. Starting in 2007, the IRL switched to “pure” ethanol, E100. Top Fuel classes in addition to Nitromethane. Formula One racing continues to use gasoline as its fuel, but in prewar grand prix racing methanol was often used in the fuel.

Methanol is also used in Monster Truck racing. Methanol occurs naturally in the human body and in some fruits, but is poisonous in high concentration. Ingestion of 10 ml can cause blindness and 60-100 ml can be fatal if the condition is untreated. Like many volatile chemicals, methanol does not have to be swallowed to be dangerous since the liquid can be absorbed through the skin, and the vapors through the lungs. However, it is much less volatile than gasoline, and therefore has lower evaporative emissions, producing a lower exposure risk for an equivalent spill.