What is a finger sprain ? A sprain refers to an injury to the tissues surrounding and supporting a carpal tunnel nerve gliding exercises pdf. This includes the ligaments and joint capsule.
The ligaments are strong structures that prevent a joint from going into an abnormal position. The capsule is less strong and acts to seal the joint from the other tissues. A sprain can be of varying degrees. After a sprain the injured joint will become swollen, painful and stiff. The amount of swelling usually reflects the degree of injury.
The commonest joint to be sprained is the PIP joint. This ligament prevents the joint from over straightening. The volar plate is damaged when force is applied in a longitudinal direction for example a ball hitting the end of the finger and the joint is forced into hyper-extension. The MP joint of the thumb is vulnerable to injury and one of the most frequently is the so called ‘skiers thumb’ where the ligament on the inside of the thumb is torn.
The aim of the treatment is to restore movement to the injured joint. The initial assessment will look at which structures have been damaged and decide on the appropriate method of treatment. An x-ray will often show small fragments of bone which are attached to the damaged ligaments. Your Hand Surgeon will advise you of the plan of treatment which will likely be instituted by a hand therapist. In the initial phase the joint may be rested using a splint or cast if there is a lot of bruising and swelling.
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